Dealing with exceptional levels of hard water can be a major problem in the household and people often being unable to bear with this, shifts into new settlements with better water facilities. So is there any way this problem can be solved in some easier manner?
There are ways but it needs a little knowledge about what you should do in this case and what you are about to do. Let us see what the effects are of having hard water being used for household purposes.
Further, these deposits may lead to the slow wearing away or clogging of taps and showers, stain your dishes and bowls and make them look dirty or even affect your skin and hair if you bath in it regularly.Hard water is actually water with very high concentration levels of minerals like calcium, manganese, magnesium etc.
These minerals on repeated exposure forms crystals of salt on your utensils, plumbing lines etc. it even causes stain on your clothes and dishes and also wears away your hair faster. The stain that we actually see, are nothing but the crystalline deposits of these mineral salts.
So to get rid of hard water here is a few things that you might do:
1. Boiling– This is the most preliminary method of purifying water and is not very effective as it can only remove the temporary hardness present in water. The permanent hardness caused by minerals that do not precipitate after boiling however remains.
2. Sodium carbonate treatment– In this process sodium carbonate is added to the hard water containing sulphate salts which on reaction with carbonate forms a heavy precipitate of that mineral carbonate that is filtered out.
3. Magnetic or electronic treatment– minerals in hard water are generally present in the form of electrically active ion particles. So what an electrical or magnetic conditioner is used what it does is create an electric field along the flow line. The water being neutral passes through this field but the mineral ions respond to this field and are separated out of the flow line by some mechanism and drained out through a different outlet.
Hence, these minerals do not form deposits in any other places and the water is freed from its hardness. However, this process is not absolutely flawless. The efficiency of this conditioner is still not up to the level.
4. Ion exchanger– An ion exchanger is basically a softener that consists of two tanks, one containing resin and the other one salt or potassium chloride. The working principle is quite simple. We know that sodium ion does not cause acute hardness in water but potassium, magnesium, manganese etc does. So the resin tank contains small beads of sodium ions that replace the manganese or magnesium ions in the water with sodium. But after long use these beads need reused with fresh sodium ions and this is where the salt tank plays its role.
These beads are taken to the salt tank and salt being sodium chloride replaces rather re energizes these beads to work again and keeps the process running. Nowadays different computerized or electronic sensing techniques are used to determine the exact time when the beads should be replaced.
Out of all these processes of removing the hardness of water the ion exchanger is the best, However; it is always advisable to take the help of professional water treatment experts for better results.