Whenever we have nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea during our childhood, our parent called it stomach flu and took us to a doctor. Is there an illness called stomach flu? No, there is no disease called stomach flu in medical terminology. Flu or influenza, in medical term, is a respiratory viral inspection that affects lunges. Medical term for stomach flu is gastroenteritis.
Stomach flu is a painful and uncomfortable. In addition to general symptoms mentioned above, a patient with stomach flu may experience high fever, vomiting with blood, abdominal swelling and pain, and dehydration. A patient may suffer from stomach flu severely if proper treatment is not taken in time.
Stomach flu, which is caused by bacteria, virus, or other parasite, is contagious. It can spread through water and food. If you interact with a person who is suffering from this disease or share food or drinks with him, you may get infected. So you have to avoid interaction with the people suffering from stomach flu.
Some bacteria, virus and parasites that caused stomach flu are mentioned below.
Escherichia coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Shigella are some of the bacteria that cause gastroenteritis or stomach flu. These bacteria are generally found in spoiled food and water. They can spread from person to person.
Similarly adenoviruses, rotaviruses, calciviruses, astroviruses, and norovirus are some virus that causes stomach flu. There viruses are found in public places and spread from person to person.
Some parasites that make stomach flu in people are giardia and cryptosporidium. These parasites, generally spreading with polluted water, damage our intestine and cause stomach flu.
In addition, dangerous toxin or chemical or food allergic can cause stomach flu.
If you are suffering from stomach flu, following will help you to overcome from this painful illness.
Take enough rest. You must sleep or reduce your workload. When you take rest, it helps your body to fight against virus and bacteria that cause the problem. On the other hand, if you work disregarding your sickness, your body becomes weak thus reducing your ability to recover. Rest is important to speedy recovery.
Take plenty of fluid. When you have stomach flu, you are likely to vomit, and it will reduce the amount of water in your body causing dehydration. Therefore, you have to take enough fluid to avoid drying out. You may not have desire to drink or eat; in that case, you may take little fluid at a regular interval. Water, ginger tea, and soda can prevent dehydration, but you should avoid alcohol, caffeine, and caffeinated tea.
Also you must take enough food. You may not have the appetite to eat when you are suffering from stomach flu. If you do not eat, your body will become weak. Make sure you eat plan food like serial, rice, toast and potato, and you should avoid dairy product, spicy meal, caffeine and high fat food as they are likely to aggravate the situation.
You also must seek medication if you have high fever. Doctors prescribe Tylenol for patients suffering from stomach flu. However, antibiotic does not help to recover from stomach flu.
Now you know that stomach flu is not flu, but it is a contagious diseases caused by bacteria, virus or parasite. With proper medication and care, you can recover from it quickly.